In Nicomedia, probably in the early fourth century, St. Pantaleon, martyr, who was venerated as one of the fourteen holy helpers. Legend said he was a physician who treated the sick without requiring payment. A number of churches claim to have relics of his blood; the ones at Ravello are said to liquefy on this day. His emblem is a pharmacist's vial.
At Rome, in 431, St. Celestine I, pope. He opposed the Novatianists, a rigorist, schismatic sect. He built the basilica of Santa Sabina and restored Santa Maria in Trastevere. He exercised authority over the entire church, intervening in disputes among Christians in North Africa, Thessalonica and Gaul, and sending emissaries to England and Ireland. He held a synod in Rome in 430 which condemned Nestorius and helped prepare the way for the Council of Ephesus, which the next year declared Mary the Mother of God.
In 916, St. Clement of Ohrid and companions. Clement was the leader in the establishment of the Bulgarian church under King Boris I.
Our daily martyrology was written by Fr. Hugh Feiss, OSB. Copyright © 2008 by the Monastery of the Ascension, Jerome, ID 83338.